The basic laws of Israel guarantee the independence of the judiciary, which is generally respected by the legislative and executive powers.
The September 1999 landmark judgement of the High Court barring the use of torture and the April 2000 ruling prohibiting the holding of detainees for use as “bargaining chips” demonstrated that the judiciary would maintain independence even in certain sensitive cases relating to national security. The overall human rights situation vis-à-vis the Palestinian population under the jurisdiction or control of Israel deteriorated markedly. Following the outbreak of violence in late September 2000, Israeli security forces made repeated and sustained incursions into Palestinian territory, engaging in widespread and gross violations of human rights and humanitarian law.
Attacks on justice 2002-Israel-publications-2002 (full text, PDF)Attacks on Justice 2002Publications