The 1992 Czech Constitution was amended in 2001 with the goal of conforming to the obligations of future EU membership, which occurred on 1 May 2004.
The ‘European amendment’ introduced changes in the application of international treaties and revised the powers of Parliament, the Constitutional Court and ordinary courts.
Judicial reforms in 2002 were followed by the creation of the Supreme Administrative Court, the Judicial Academy and judicial councils, and an increase in the powers of prosecutors through amendments to the Law on State Prosecution and the Criminal Procedure Code.
However, the judicial system still has a significant problem with regard to lengthy proceedings. Executive interference within the judiciary has been reported.
Czech Republic-Attacks on Justice 2005-Publications-2008 (full text, PDF)Attacks on Justice 2005Publications