Attacks on Justice: the harassment and persecution of judges and lawyers, July 1990 – June 1991

This is the third annual report by the ICJ’s Centre for the Independence of Judges and Lawyers cataloguing the harassment and persecution of judges and lawyers worldwide.

It lists the cases of 532 jurists in 51 countries who have suffered reprisals between 1 June 1990 and 31 May 1991 for carrying out their professional duties. Of these, 55 were killed, 103 were detained, 8 were “disappeared,” 42 were attacked, 65 received threats of violence and 234 were professionally sanctioned (by disbarment, removal from the bench, or travel restrictions).

In this year’s report, we have also tried to describe some of the structural problems faced by lawyers and bar associations across the world, and to look, in selected cases, at infringements on the independence of the judiciary.

attacks on justice-july 1990 june 1991-publication-1992-eng (full text in English, PDF)

Attacks on JusticePublications