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Key Words Archives: Last resort

Bistieva and Others v.Poland, ECtHR, Application no. 75157/14, Judgment of 10 April 2018

The Polish authorities had failed to assess the impact of the detention on the family and the children in particular, not fulfilled their obligation to consider the family’s detention as a measure of last resort and had not considered alternative measures. Child detention is permitted for the shortest amount of time and only if the detention conditions are appropriate and less coercive measures are not available.

http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-182210

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Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH), Practical Guidance on Alternatives to Immigration Detention: Fostering Effective Results

This Practical Guidance was adopted by the Steering Committee for Human Rights of the Council of Europe at its 91st meeting (18-21 June 2019). Its main focus is on the practical aspects of applying alternatives to detention, considering also the fact that in this field a ‘one size fits all’ approach is not possible. The Guidance covers the legal framework of the alternatives to detention system, the types of alternatives and the ways to make them effective.

https://www.coe.int/fr/web/human-rights-intergovernmental-cooperation/-/alternatives-to-immigration-detention-fostering-effective-results

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General comment No. 5 (2021) of the UN Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (CMW) on migrants’ rights to liberty, freedom from arbitrary detention and their connection with other human rights (advanced unedited version)

The UN Committee in its General Comment understands as ‘alternatives to detention’ all community-based care measures or non-custodial accommodation solutions – in law, policy or practice – that are less restrictive than detention and which must be considered in the context of lawful detention decision procedures to ensure that detention is necessary and proportionate in all cases, with the aim of respecting the human rights and avoiding arbitrary detention of migrants, asylum seekers, refugees and stateless persons.

https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=INT/CMW/GEC/9459&Lang=en

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CJEU, Hassen El Dridi case, Case no. C-61/11 PPU, 28 April 2011

The CJEU found that the Directive 2008/115/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Members States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals must be interpreted as precluding a Member State’s legislation which provides for a sentence of imprisonment to be imposed on an illegally staying third-country national on the sole ground that they remain, without valid grounds, on the territory of that State, contrary to an order to leave that territory within a given period.

https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A62011CJ0061

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