Recurrent exodus of minorities from East Pakistan and disturbances in India

A report to the Indian Commission of Jurists by its Committee of Enquiry.

The mandate of the Committee of Enquiry was

1. To inquire into the causes o f the recurrent large-scale migrations into India from East Pakistan of Pakis­tani Citizens of Hindu, Christian and Buddhist persua­sion, to report whether and to what extent and in what manner such migrations are occasioned by violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1945 and by the practice of genocide as defined in Article II o f the Genocide Convention of 1948.
2. To enquire into the causes of the communal disturbances which occurred in West Bengal, Jamshedpur, Rourkela and Raigadh and report whether they were occasioned by violation of human rights and by the practice of genocide.

The report is based upon the evidence collected from the various refugee camps and on material available from Pakistan press and radio and other sources.

The report is divided in five parts:

  1. The period from 1947 to 1963
  2. The causes of 1964 migrations from East Pakistan and particularly, the immediate cause, the Hazrat Bal incident.
  3. The evidence of migrants from various districts of East Pakistan
  4. The disturbances in India
  5. Conclusions

India-minorities East Pakistan-fact-finding report-1965-eng (full text in English, PDF)


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