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Bolivia – SOGI Legislation Country Report (2013)


Discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity is prohibited by the Bolivian Constitution (República del Bolivia Constitución de 2009) and criminalized (Ley contra el Racismo y toda forma de Discriminación, 2010).

Sexual orientation and gender identity are included as prohibited grounds of discrimination for access to public and private services and establishments serving the public (Ley contra el Racismo y toda forma de Discriminación, 2010).

All citizens, regardless of sexual orientation, are guaranteed a number of sexual and reproductive rights (Ley Marco sobre Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivo, 2004).

Same-sex sexual activity is legal in Bolivia, and the age of consent is the same for both same-sex and opposite-sex sexual activity (Código Penal de Bolivia).

As of December 2012, same-sex civil unions were not recognized in Bolivia. A bill that would recognize same-sex civil unions was introduced to the National Congress in August 2012.

In order to change one’s name or correct a “gender error,” one must go through administrative proceedings via the Civil Registry Office (Ley Numero 2616, 2003). The process often requires undergoing medical procedures or making an application before a judge.

There are no formal laws regarding same-sex adoption.

link to complete text: Bolivia-SOGI Legislation Country Report-2013-eng