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Concluding Observations, CCPR/C/RUS/CO/6, 29 October 2009: Russian Federation

27. The Committee is concerned about acts of violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons, including reports of harassment by the police and incidents of people being assaulted or killed on account of their sexual orientation. The Committee notes with concern the systematic discrimination against individuals on the basis of their sexual orientation in the  State  party, including hate  speech and manifestations of intolerance and prejudice by public officials, religious leaders and in the media. The Committee is also concerned about discrimination in employment, health  care, education  and  other  fields, as well as the infringement of the right to freedom of assembly and association and notes the absence of legislation that specifically prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. (art. 26)

The State Party should:

  1. provide effective protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation, in particular through the enactment of comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation that includes the prohibition of discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation;
  2. intensify its efforts to combat discrimination against LGBT persons, including by launching a sensitization campaign aimed at the general public as well as providing appropriate training to law enforcement officials.
  3. take all necessary measures to guarantee the exercise in practice of the right to peaceful association and assembly for the LGBT community.

The State party  should also define the concept  of “social groups” as stipulated in section 148 of the Criminal Code in a manner that does not include organs of the state or public officials.

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