General Comment No. 19: The Right to Social Security, E/C.12/GC/19, 4 February 2008
II. NORMATIVE CONTENT OF THE RIGHT TO SOCIAL SECURITY
B. Special topics of broad application
1. Non-discrimination and equality
29. The obligation of States parties to guarantee that the right to social security is enjoyed without discrimination (article 2, paragraph 2, of the Covenant), and equally between men and women (article 3), pervades all of the obligations under Part III of the Covenant. The Covenant thus prohibits any discrimination, whether in law or in fact, whether direct or indirect, on the grounds of race, colour, sex, age, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, physical or mental disability, health status (including HIV/AIDS), sexual orientation, and civil, political, social or other status, which has the intention or effect of nullifying or impairing the equal enjoyment or exercise of the right to social security.
Link to full text of the report: General Comment-CESCR-19-social security-2008-eng