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Report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, A/HRC/20/33/Add.1, 23 April 2012: Hungary


C. Specific legislation prohibiting racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

15. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the adoption by Parliament on 22 December 2003, of Act No. CXXV on Equal Treatment and Promotion of Equal Opportunities (Equal Treatment Act) which entered into force on 27 January 2004. The Act constitutes comprehensive legislation to combat racial discrimination. It prohibits both direct and indirect discrimination on 19 grounds, including racial origin, colour, nationality, origin of national or ethnic minority, mother tongue, religious or ideological conviction, sexual orientation, and sexual identity (article 8). It also explicitly prohibits segregation (article 7  (1)).

A broad range of fields are covered under this legislation including employment, social security, health care, housing, education and training, as well as the sale of goods and use of services. The Act further applies to both public and private actors and allows the adoption of positive measures of a temporary duration for certain disadvantaged groups.

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