In 1986, the ICJ began a series of regional seminars intended to examine the norms being developed at the international level, discuss how these norms should be applied and adhered to in their regions, and make recommendations for their implementation.
As part of this series, the ICJ, in conjunction with the African Bar Association sponsored a seminar on the independence of judges and lawyers in Lusaka, Zambia (10 to 14 November 1986). The seminar brought together judges, attorney-generals, and practising lawyers and academics from Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
A second ICJ-ABA seminar was held in Banjul, the Gambia, from 6 to 10 April 1987 with participants from the Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Uganda.
independence of the judiciary and legal profession-seminar report-1987-eng (full text in English, PDF)ReportsSeminar and conference reports