Today, the ICJ presented its written submissions to the European Court of Human Rights in the case of A.N. v. France (Application No. 12956/15).
The case arises from the French authorities’ dismissal of an asylum application.
The ICJ’s submissions focus on:
- the obligation to ensure that the risk upon removal be assessed so as to guarantee that the protection of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (‘the Convention’) be practical and effective;
- whether requiring coerced, including self-enforced, suppression of a fundamental aspect of one’s identity — as enforced concealment of one’s same-sex sexual orientation entails — is compatible with the Convention, in particular, Article 3;
- whether the criminalization of consensual same-sex sexual conduct gives rise to a real risk of Article 3 prohibited treatment, thus triggering non-refoulement obligations under that provision of the Convention; and
- the significance of the EU asylum acquis and the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), including the joined cases Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel v X, Y and Z v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel.
In its observations, the ICJ also drew the Court’s attention to the CJEU’s judgment in A, B, and C v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie, as well as to recent Belgian and Italian superior courts’ reported decisions that have found in favour of Senegalese homosexual applicants based on, inter alia, the risk to the individuals concerned arising from Senegal’s criminalization of consensual same-sex relations and of becoming victim of homophobic crimes, including at the hands of family members, from which there is no effective state protection.
France-A.N.v.FRANCE AMICUS-Advocacy-legal submissions-2015-ENG (full text in PDF)AdvocacyCasesLegal submissions