On 12 November 1991, Indonesian security forces killed more than 50 unarmed civilians at a cemetery in Dili, East Timor. They were marching to the grave of a young Timorese man killed by security forces o n 28 October 1991.
Thirteen East Timorese were prosecuted for their roles in the demonstration of 12 November in Dili and a subsequent demonstration held in Jakarta on 19 November to protest the shootings in Dili.
The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) sent observers to the trials in Dili and Jakarta. The observer at the trials in Dili, Mr Rodney Lewis, a Solicitor of the New South Wales Supreme Court, Australia attended the opening stage of the subversion trials in Dili. Justice Xavier Connor, a former Judge of the Federal Court of Australia, who was to observe the concluding stage of the trials in Dili, had his visa application denied upon the basis that by the time the authorities had approved it, the subversion trials would have been concluded.
East Timor-Jakarta and Dili trials-trial observation report-1992-eng (full text in English, PDF)ReportsTrial observation reports