There are three levels of ordinary courts in Honduras:
- the Supreme Court of Justice;
- the Courts of Appeal; and
- the Courts of first instance (Juzgados de Letras).
The Supreme Court is located in the capital Tegucigalpa and has three chambers: civil, criminal, and labour. The Supreme Court is empowered, among other things, to interpret constitutional provisions; to preside over proceedings against state officials and members of the parliament; and to render decisions on extradition cases and other cases to be judged in accordance with international law.
In addition to these courts, Justices of the Peace decide on civil and criminal matters within certain statutory limitations, and the military courts are given competence over crimes committed by military personnel.
- 1. Constitution, Article 313(2), (4), and (5).
The Supreme Court of Justice has the following attributions:
2. To take cognizance of the formal preliminary processes [concerning] the most high functionaries of the State, and the Deputies;
4. To take cognizance of the causes of extradition and others that must be judged in conformity with International Law;
5. To take cognizance of the Recourses of Habeas Corpus, Habeas Data, Cassation, Amparo, Revision and Unconstitutionality, as stipulated in this Constitution and the Law;
- 2. Law on the Organization and Competence of the Courts, Article 26.↵