The following table sets out the status of a range of international treaties in Myanmar as of 15 June 2014.
In the course of the Universal Periodic Review of its human rights record in 2011, Myanmar authorities said that the country “is also considering to become party to the Human Rights instruments that it has not yet acceded to, depending on its resources and capacity to fully implement the obligations as a developing country”. Furthermore, it is not yet clear how the government will ensure that provisions of international treaties to which it is a State parts are implemented in practice by administrative, legislative and judicial authorities.
The fact that Myanmar has yet to ratify specific human rights treaties does not necessarily mean that obligations recognised by those treaties do not apply to Myanmar. Some treaty provisions are also rules of customary international law that apply to all states including Myanmar (and some of these are peremptory norms of international law, which apply in all circumstances without exception). In addition, the Constitution of Myanmar contains provisions that set out parallel guarantees to those in some of the above-named treaties. Thus the Myanmar authorities should take note of the authoritative interpretations of human rights law by international bodies set out in General Comments, recommendations, and views as well as judgments of human rights courts, particularly on provisions that reflect customary law or guarantees in the Constitution of Myanmar.
- 19. Human Rights Council, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review of Myanmar, Addendum: Views on conclusions and/or recommendations, voluntary commitments and replies presented by the State under review, UN Doc. A/HRC/17/9/Add.1/ (27 May 2011),[expand title=”para. 3″] 3. Although Myanmar has acceded to the two International Human Rights Instruments, it is observing all the core international human rights treaties. Myanmar is also considering to become party to the Human Rights instruments that it has not yet acceded to, depending on its resources and capacity to fully implement the obligations as a developing country.[/expand]↵