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Key Words Archives: Deprivation of liberty

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), General comment No. 6 (2005): Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children Outside their Country of Origin

The objective of this general comment is to draw attention to the particularly vulnerable situation of unaccompanied and separated children; to outline the multifaceted challenges in ensuring that such children are able to access and enjoy their rights; and, to provide guidance on the protection, care and proper treatment of unaccompanied and separated children based on the entire legal framework provided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

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Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Convention was adopted by resolution 44/252 of 20 November 1989 at the Forty-fourth session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. It entered into force on 2 September 1990. The States Parties amount to 196 (in October 2021) and is the most widely ratified international instrument world-wide. The Convention provides for a set of rights to which all children are entitled.

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Joint general comment No. 4 (2017) of the UN Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (CMW) and No. 23 (2017) of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on State obligations regarding the human rights of children in the context of international migration in countries of origin, transit, destination and return

The Joint General Comment of the CMW and CRC contains legally binding obligations that relate both in general and specifically to the protection of the human rights of children and migrants. The comment focuses in particular on States Parties’ legal obligations regarding age assessment procedures, deprivation of liberty, procedural guarantees and other rights of the children.

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