Pakistan : human rights after martial law, report of a mission

In December 1986, the ICJ sent a mission to Pakistan to study the process of return to a democratic form of government after eight years of martial law rule.

Among the issues the mission was particularly asked to enquire into were the constitutional position, the electoral process, the position of political prisoners convicted by military courts under martial law, the independence of judges and lawyers, the impact of Islamisation on the rights of women, trade union rights and the situation of minorities and minority religious communities.

The report contains a preface, conclusions agreed upon by the members and 12 chapters dealing with:

  1. The Constitutional situation
  2. Martial law and its effect on representative government
  3. The independence of the judiciary and the Bar after martial law
  4. Military courts
  5. Preventive detention
  6. Torture or cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment or punishment
  7. Freedom of expression, public assembly and movement
  8. Rights of religious and other minorities
  9. The impact of Islamisation on the rights of women
  10.  Workers’ rights
  11. Economic and social rights
  12. Human rights abuses in villages

Pakistan-human rights after martial law-fact-finding report-1987-eng (full text in English, PDF)

Fact-finding mission reportsReports