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Key Words Archives: Legal assistance and representation

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), A.L. v Spain, Communication 016/2017, Adoption of views, 31 May 2019

The Committee recalls that the assessment of the age of a young person who claims to be a minor is of fundamental importance, as the outcome determines whether that person will be entitled to or excluded from national protection as a child. Similarly, the enjoyment of the rights set out in the Convention flows from that determination. It is therefore imperative that there be due process to assess a person’s age, as well as the opportunity to challenge the outcome through an appeals process. While that process is underway, the person should be given the benefit of the doubt and treated as a child. The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration throughout the age determination process.

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UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), N.B.F. v Spain, Communication 011/2017, Adoption of views, 27 September 2018

The Committee recalls that the assessment of the age of a young person who claims to be a minor is of fundamental importance, as the outcome determines whether that person will be entitled to or excluded from national protection as a child. Similarly, the enjoyment of the rights set out in the Convention flows from that determination. It is therefore imperative that there be due process to assess a person’s age, as well as the opportunity to challenge the outcome through an appeals process. While that process is underway, the person should be given the benefit of the doubt and treated as a child. The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration throughout the age determination process.

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UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), R.K. v Spain, Communication 027/2017, Adoption of views, 18 September 2019

The Committee recalls that the assessment of the age of a young person who claims to be a minor is of fundamental importance, as the outcome determines whether that person will be entitled to or excluded from national protection as a child. Similarly, the enjoyment of the rights set out in the Convention flows from that determination. It is therefore imperative that there be due process to assess a person’s age, as well as the opportunity to challenge the outcome through an appeals process. While that process is under way, the person should be given the benefit of the doubt and treated as a child. The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration throughout the age determination process.

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Directive 2013/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (recast)

The recast “Reception Conditions Directive” is a recast of a previous Directive (Council Directive 2003/9/EC of 27 January 2003), with implementation deadline of 21 July 2015. The Directive covers also detention of asylum seekers (artt. 8-10) and of vulnerable persons and minors (art. 11).

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UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), General comment No. 14 (2013) on the right of the child to have his or her best interests taken as a primary consideration (art. 3, para. 1)

The Committee considers that the elements to be taken into account when assessing and determining the child’s best interests, as relevant to the situation in question, are: the child’s views; the child’s identity; the preservation of the family environment and maintaining relations; care, protection and safety of the child; situation of vulnerability; the child’s rights to health and to education.

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