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Key Words Archives: Right to be heard

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), N.B.F. v Spain, Communication 011/2017, Adoption of views, 27 September 2018

The Committee recalls that the assessment of the age of a young person who claims to be a minor is of fundamental importance, as the outcome determines whether that person will be entitled to or excluded from national protection as a child. Similarly, the enjoyment of the rights set out in the Convention flows from that determination. It is therefore imperative that there be due process to assess a person’s age, as well as the opportunity to challenge the outcome through an appeals process. While that process is underway, the person should be given the benefit of the doubt and treated as a child. The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration throughout the age determination process.

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UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), R.K. v Spain, Communication 027/2017, Adoption of views, 18 September 2019

The Committee recalls that the assessment of the age of a young person who claims to be a minor is of fundamental importance, as the outcome determines whether that person will be entitled to or excluded from national protection as a child. Similarly, the enjoyment of the rights set out in the Convention flows from that determination. It is therefore imperative that there be due process to assess a person’s age, as well as the opportunity to challenge the outcome through an appeals process. While that process is under way, the person should be given the benefit of the doubt and treated as a child. The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration throughout the age determination process.

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Directive 2013/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (recast)

The recast “Reception Conditions Directive” is a recast of a previous Directive (Council Directive 2003/9/EC of 27 January 2003), with implementation deadline of 21 July 2015. The Directive covers also detention of asylum seekers (artt. 8-10) and of vulnerable persons and minors (art. 11).

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Joint general comment No. 3 (2017) of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (CMW) and No. 22 (2017) of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on the general principles regarding the human rights of children in the context of international migration

The Joint General Comment of the CMW and CRC addresses the human rights of all children, independently of their or their parents’ status, in the context of international migration. Fundamental principles like non-discrimination, the best interests of the child and the right to be heard need to be integrated by States Parties into migration-related frameworks, policies and practices.

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